ALEKSANDRIYA


ALEKSANDRIYA
ALEKSANDRIYA (originally Becha), town in Kirovograd district, Ukraine. The first Jews settled in Aleksandriya at the end of the 18th century. In 1864 they numbered 2,474, and in 1897, 3,735 (26% of the total population). In 1910 the community had five synagogues, a talmud torah and a communal school, and 11 ḥadarim with 230 pupils. The main occupation of the Jews in Aleksandriya was garment manufacturing. In a pogrom on April 23, 1882, Jewish shops and homes were pillaged. On the Day of Atonement of 1904 (September 6), three Jews were killed and several injured in a pogrom. During the civil war of 1919–20, the Jews in Aleksandriya endured great suffering, Aleksandriya being the headquarters of Ataman Grigoryev, leader of the Ukrainian pogrom bands. They were also attacked by Denikin's "White" army. In 1926 the Jewish population in Aleksandriya numbered 4,595 (23% of the total). During the Soviet period most of the Jews worked as artisans in cooperatives. The central Chabad synagogue was still operating in the early 1930s. The Jewish population declined to 1,420 persons in 1939 (total population 19,755). Aleksandriya was occupied by the Germans on August 6, 1941. They murdered 463 males on September 19, and over 300 on August 29. In all, 2,572 were murdered, including Jews from the surrounding area. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: E. Tcherikower, Di Ukrainer Pogromen in 1919 (1965); B. West, Naftulei Dor, 1 (1947), 133–6. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: PK Ukrainah, s.v. (Shmuel Spector (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ALEKSANDRIYA — ALEKSANDRIYA, small town in Rovno district, Volhynia, Ukraine. The Jews settled there before the chmielnicki uprising (1648–50) and suffered at the hands of the Cossacks. Few Jews lived there until 1700, when they were obliged to pay a 350 zloty… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Aleksandriya — Original name in latin Aleksandriya Name in other language Aleksandria, Aleksandrija, Aleksandriya, Александрия State code RU Continent/City Europe/Moscow longitude 45.09472 latitude 43.24556 altitude 174 Population 4223 Date 2012 01 17 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Kherson Governorate — Херсонская губерния Херсонська губернія A historic map by cartographer Yuly Shokalsky. Capital city Nikolayev (1802 1803) Kherson (1803 1922) Area 70,600 km² (1920) …   Wikipedia

  • Alexandria (disambiguation) — Alexandria may refer to.Alexandrias founded or renamed by Alexander the Great* Alexandria, Egypt * Iskandariya, Iraq * Alexandria Asiana, Iran * Alexandria in Ariana, Afghanistan * Alexandria Bucephalous, Pakistan, on the Jhelum * Alexandria of… …   Wikipedia

  • Oleksandriia — Infobox City official name = Oleksandriia native name = Олександрія subdivision type = Country subdivision name = Ukraine image subdivision type1 = Oblast region type local = Raion subdivision name1 = Kirovohrad region link = Kirovohrad Oblast… …   Wikipedia

  • Valerian Madatov — Infobox Military Person name=Valerian Madatov caption=Portrait of General Valerian Madatov by George Dawe from the Military Gallery, 1820. born=1782 died=September 4, 1829 placeofbirth=Avetaranots, Nagorno Karabakh placeofdeath=Shumla, Bulgaria… …   Wikipedia

  • Bilotserkivskyi Raion — Infobox Ukrainian raion name=Bilotserkivskyi Raion Ukrainian name=Білоцерківський район Ukrainian name=Білоцерківський район coa=Coat of arms of Bilotserkivskyi Raion.png location country=Ukraine region=Kiev Oblast date created=1930 population=… …   Wikipedia

  • List of infantry divisions of the Soviet Union 1917–1957 — The Soviet Union s Red Army raised over four hundred and fifty numbered rifle divisions (infantry) during the Second World War. Usually the rifle divisions were controlled by the higher head quarters of the Rifle Corps. But scores of these… …   Wikipedia

  • Dobritch (Oblast) — Област Добрич (Oblast Dobritch) Oblast de Dobritch Administration Pays Bulgarie Type Oblast Siège Dobritch …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dobritch (oblast) — 43°35′N 28°0′E / 43.583, 28 …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.